From April 2017,adults under the age of 40 will be able to open a Lifetime ISA (LISA) and pay in up to £4,000 each tax year. They will be able to continue making contributions up to the age of 50. The government will add a 25% bonus to these contributions. This means that individuals who save the maximum will receive a £1,000 bonus each year from the Government.
The tax-free funds, including the Government bonus, can be used to help buy a first home worth up to £450,000 at any time from 12 months after first saving into the account. The funds, including the Government bonus, can be withdrawn from the LISA from age 60 tax-free for any purpose. LISA holders will also be able to access their savings if they become terminally ill.
If savers make withdrawals before age 60 for other purposes a 25% charge will apply to the amount of withdrawal. This returns the bonus element of the fund (including any interest or growth on that bonus) to the Government.
“Help to Save”, aimed at supporting people on low incomes to build up their savings will follow in 2018. That scheme will add a 50% Government bonus on savings up to £50 a month for up to four years. Help to Save will be available through NS&I to any adult who is receiving working tax credit or universal credit with minimum household earnings equivalent to 16 hours a week at the National Living Wage.
In order to qualify for CGT entrepreneurs’ relief on the disposal of shares, the shareholder must have been an officer or employee of the trading company or group throughout the twelve months up to the date of disposal. Although there is no minimum number of hours, it is important that there is evidence that this condition is satisfied, so for example the employee/ director should not resign before the disposal of shares takes place.
HMRC are known to request such evidence and recent tax tribunal cases have resulted in Entrepreneurs’ Relief being denied .
Entrepreneurs’ Relief reduces the rate of CGT to 10% on the first £10 million of gains on the disposal of qualifying business assets. This would include sole traders disposing of their business and partners disposing of their interest in a partnership carrying on a business. With many businesses operating as limited companies these days it is important to appreciate that not all shareholdings qualify for this generous relief.
Shareholdings qualify for Entrepreneurs’ Relief provided the company is a trading company or the holding company of a trading group. There are additional conditions that the shareholder is an officer or employee of the company and holds 5% or more of the company’s ordinary share capital and votes. All of these conditions must be satisfied throughout the twelve months up to the date of disposal.
A couple of recent tax tribunal cases have considered the 5% test and the HMRC view is that most shares except for certain preference shares need to be considered. Always contact us first if you are considering issuing additional shares in your company as it may have a detrimental effect on other shareholders’ entitlement to CGT Entrepreneurs’ Relief.
The Treasury Select Committee has reviewed the proposals for the introduction of “Making tax digital” (MTD) and have agreed with the various professional bodies that if the new systems are introduced too quickly there could be a disaster. It would significantly increase burdens on small businesses. In their report they comment that the overall benefits of mandating the digitising of record keeping and quarterly reporting, as is currently envisaged, have yet to be proven.
The Select Committee further note that the cost to business of introducing MTD, as well as the continuing costs of maintaining digital records and submitting quarterly updates are of further concern to the Committee, as is the availability and functionality of the free software that has been promised.
At the time of writing we are awaiting the Government response to the November 2016 consultation and we will keep you updated about the implications for your business. Remembers that the proposals as they are currently drafted will apply to property rental businesses as well as trading businesses.